Top 10 Most Important Influences On Food In Our Lifetimes
The same is true when it comes to food. A search for spice trade routes that bypassed conniving Mediterranean middlemen in part led to the discovery of what is now the Americas. Knowledge that fire could be used to cook food allowed the body to better absorb nutrients, which caused the human brain to grow and eventually launched us on the road to the modern world--a process hardcore raw foodists are trying to reverse, but that's an aside.
We mention all this as a way of admitting that any 'top 10' assessment of historical significance is fraught with problems. But what the hell--some of us started school before Boomers took over, so we're not afraid of stirring the pot a bit.
So here is our list of the most important things to happen in the world of food, dining and culture--keeping in mind that by "world" we really mean "the American world"--in our lifetimes...keeping in mind we mean the last 70 years or so.
10. The Supermarket
The Tom Thumbs and Walmart Supercenters we know today resulted from post-World War Two urbanization, the car culture and in-home refrigeration. Hard to imagine, but there was a time--even in the 20th Century--that Americans shopped almost daily at mom and pop groceries, the kind where clerks pulled goods from the shelf for you. Convenience wins out, almost every time.
Cooks have introduced new flavors into old recipes since the beginning of time, as far as we know. In the past, however, this was a natural process--something people did without much acknowlegement. The "fusion" trend that dominated the '90s and '00s is different in that it celebrated globalization.
It wasn't her doing, really. But the publication of her The Cuisines of Mexico in 1972 recognized Tex-Mex as a unique, regional cuisine. Shortly thereafter (with help from Jimmy Buffet and Howard Cosell) margaritas, nachos and other Texas staples were everywhere.
7. The "Greatest Generation"
This was, of course, the generation that accepted racial inequality and the blacklisting of so-called communists, but so be it. In dining terms, they provide modern benchmarks. Depression era shortages, wartime rationing and the increasing number of mothers in the workforce caused them to relish convenience foods. Their increased mobility set the groundwork for fast food chains. Familiarity with technology in factories or on the battle fronts spurred demand for kitchen gadgets.
There were other early TV chefs--the Galloping Gourmet comes to mind--yet she was the first celebrity. She wrought not just the vapid Food Network stars of today, but the first nudge toward appreciation of global techniques seemingly lost over a few decades of economic calamity, war and postwar "we're number one" enthusiasm.